SC19 Proceedings

The International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage, and Analysis

Node-Aware Improvements to Allreduce

Workshop: Node-Aware Improvements to Allreduce

Abstract: The MPI_Allreduce collective operation is a core kernel of many parallel codebases, particularly for reductions over a single value per process. The commonly used allreduce recursive-doubling algorithm obtains the lower bound message count, yielding optimality for small reduction sizes based on node-agnostic performance models. However, this algorithm yields duplicate messages between sets of nodes. Node-aware optimizations in MPICH remove duplicate messages through use of a single master process per node, yielding a large number of inactive processes at each inter-node step. In this paper, we present an algorithm that uses the multiple processes available per node to reduce the maximum number of inter-node messages communicated by a single process, improving the performance of allreduce operations, particularly for small message sizes.

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